IBM in Atoms
IBM in atoms was a demonstration in which individual atoms were manipulated to construct the three letter initialism of IBM company. In IBM in atoms presented in 1989, IBM scientists arranged 35 individual xenon atoms on the surface of nickel metal to create the initial letters of the international business machines (IBM) corporation. The aim of the demonstration was representation of the capabilities of the new technology, known as scanning tunneling microscope (STM), in manipulating and imaging individual atoms. Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) was developed by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer (at IBM Zürich) for which they earned the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986.